The growing wave of abortion restrictions in America
Originally Posted: MAY 18 19 11:27 ET
By Nicole Chavez, CNN Graphics by Curt Merrill, CNN
(CNN) – Abortion bans continue to pop up in the United States, leaving many wondering where their states are at. Here’s what you need to know.
Abortion is legal in all states
Abortion is legal under Roe v. Wade, the 1973 Supreme Court ruling that legalized abortion in all 50 states.
But most states have set limits in one way or another. This year, a series of tough anti-abortion laws were passed in an attempt to reshape women’s access to the procedure.
The country’s most restrictive abortion law is in Alabama. The ban makes abortion illegal in virtually all cases – including rape and incest cases – and doctors who perform abortions risk life in prison.
Lawmakers in Georgia, Ohio, Kentucky and Mississippi also proposed heartbeat bills this year and successfully promoted them. These bills typically ban abortions after a fetal heartbeat is detected, which can be as early as six weeks after a pregnancy begins – when many women do not yet know they are pregnant.
Are these abortion bans in effect?
The Alabama ban is expected to go into effect in November, and Georgian law on January 1.
It is not known whether these laws will come into force as they are likely to face many legal challenges. The Kentucky bill has already been blocked by a federal judge, and the Ohio and Mississippi bans – both due to go into effect this summer – are being challenged in court.
Organizations like the American Civil Liberties Union and Planned Parenthood claim the laws are unconstitutional.
… but other bans are in preparation
Missouri lawmakers passed yet another restrictive abortion bill, one step closer to becoming the latest state to ban abortions after a heartbeat is detected. There is a growing list of states seeking to limit the right to abortion, but at least 11 of them have proposed legislation that specifically mentions heart rhythm detection.
Some of the bills proposed in Florida, Louisiana, Illinois, New York, South Carolina, Tennessee and West Virginia are still moving through the legislative process, while others such as those in Texas, Maryland and Minnesota failed to gain traction.
Other states instead have protections
New York passed a law to protect women’s access to abortion on the 46th birthday of Roe v. Wade earlier this year. The law also protects doctors or health professionals who perform abortions from criminal prosecution.
At least nine other states have laws protecting abortion. Oregon is leading the way with state law that makes abortion legal throughout pregnancy, while others only allow abortion before viability or to protect the health and life of the woman. ‘a woman.
™ and © 2019 Cable News Network, Inc., a Time Warner Company. All rights reserved.